Dudley Council does not have control over the operation of private car parks. It is the responsibility of the operator to ensure they comply with requirement such as Health and Safety, as well as for setting their own prices.
Many private car parks are for the use of customers only and some make use of wheel clamping. Most private car parks e.g. local supermarket car parks, impose a time limit and Penalty Notices are issued on their behalf by private enforcement companies
Health & Safety Enforcement
The Health & Safety Executive are responsible for private car parks, i.e. where the Council is NOT the enforcement authority for the premises.
If a private car park is attached to a retail outlet, then the Council will deal with it as it enforce Health & Safety issues as a whole within the retail business.
Wheel Clamping on Private Land
Owners of private land, whether it is a private car park belonging to a store, or any piece of private land, can clamp and remove a vehicle as long as they have displayed a sign advising that they do operate clamping and removal. The sign should also display a telephone number to ring to have the clamp removed. This will usually incur a fee.
The onus is on the driver of a vehicle to check the restrictions of where they are parked and adhere to those restrictions. If, for example, a store advertises that a vehicle can park for up to 2 hours, they are within their rights to have the vehicle clamped if it is left in excess of that period.