A full risk assessment should be carried out for all events. This will be a legal requirement in many circumstances. The following guidance should aid you in carrying out your risk assessments.
All hazards should be identified including those relating to the individual activities and any equipment. A hazard is something with potential to cause hard. Only note hazards, which could result in significant harm. The following should be taken into account:
Any slipping, tripping or falling hazards
Hazards relating to fire risks or fire evacuation procedures.
Any chemicals or other substances hazardous to health e.g dust or fumes.
Moving parts of machinery.
Any vehicles on site.
Electrical safety e.g use if any portable electrical appliances.
Manual handling activities.
High noise levels.
Poor lighting, heating or ventilation.
Any possible risk from specific demonstrations or activities.
Crowd intensity and pinch points.
This list is by no means exhaustive and care should be taken to identify any other hazards associated with the activities at the event.
For each hazard identified, list all those who may be affected. Do not list individuals by name, just list groups of people. The following should be taken into account:
Vendors, exhibitors and performers
Members of the public
Children and elderly persons
The following are examples of areas to consider:
Type of event.
Potential major incidents.
Site hazards including car parks.
Types of attendees such as children, elderly persons and the disabled.
Crowd control, capacity, access and egress and stewarding.
Provision for the emergency services.
Provision of first aid.
Provision of facilities.
Fire, security and cash collection.
Health and safety issues.
Exhibitors and demonstrations.
Amusements and attractions.
The extent of the risk arising from the hazards identified must be evaluated and existing control measures taken into account. The risk is likelihood of the harm arising from the hazard. You should list the existing controls and assess whether or not any further controls are required. The following should be taken into account:
a. Any information, instruction and training regarding the event and the activities involved.
b. Compliance with legislative standards, codes of good practice and British Standards.
c. Whether or not the existing controls have reduced the risk as far as is reasonably practicable.
Clarify risks into high, medium and low. Examples of risks falling into these categories are as follows:
High: An unsecured inflatable being used in adverse weather conditions by young children.
Medium: A display of animals in a roped off arena.
Low: A mime artist performing amongst the crowd.
For each risk consider whether or not it can be eliminated completely. If it cannot, then decide what must be done to reduce it to an acceptable level. Only use personal protective equipment as a last resort when there is nothing else you can reasonably do. Consider the following:
Removal of the hazard.
Preventing access to the hazard e.g by guarding dangerous parts of machinery.
Implement procedures to reduce exposure to the hazard.
The use of personal protective equipment.
Find a substitute for that activity / machine etc.
Use the Risk Assessment online form to record all significant hazards, the nature and extent of the risks, and the action required to control them. Keep this for future reference or use. You could also refer to other documents you may have, such as manuals, codes or practice etc.
If the nature of the risks changes during the planning of the event, the risk assessments will need to be reviewed and updated.
Where the risk assessment has identified significant risks you must provide information to all those affected, regarding the nature of the risk and the control measures to be implemented.
If you would like further guidance in completing your Risk Assessment please contact us using the details below.