The extent of the risk arising from the hazards identified must be evaluated and existing control measures taken into account. The risk is likelihood of the harm arising from the hazard. You should list the existing controls and assess whether or not any further controls are required. The following should be taken into account:
a. Any information, instruction and training regarding the event and the activities involved.
b. Compliance with legislative standards, codes of good practice and British Standards.
c. Whether or not the existing controls have reduced the risk as far as is reasonably practicable.
Further Action Necessary to Control the Risk
Clarify risks into high, medium and low. Examples of risks falling into these categories are as follows:
High: An unsecured inflatable being used in adverse weather conditions by young children.
Medium: A display of animals in a roped off arena.
Low: A mime artist performing amongst the crowd.
For each risk consider whether or not it can be eliminated completely. If it cannot, then decide what must be done to reduce it to an acceptable level. Only use personal protective equipment as a last resort when there is nothing else you can reasonably do. Consider the following:
Removal of the hazard.
Preventing access to the hazard e.g by guarding dangerous parts of machinery.
Implement procedures to reduce exposure to the hazard.
The use of personal protective equipment.
Find a substitute for that activity / machine etc.