Dudley Council does not have control over the operation of private car parks. It is the responsibility of the operator to ensure they comply with requirement such as Health and Safety, as well as for setting their own prices.
The Health & Safety Executive are responsible for private car parks, i.e. where the Council is NOT the enforcement authority for the premises.
If a private car park is attached to a retail outlet, then the Council will deal with it as it enforce Health & Safety issues as a whole within the retail business.
Wheel clamping on private car parks is now illegal. Parking Charge Notices are issued instead.
Owners of private land, whether it is a private car park belonging to a store, or any piece of private land, can employ private companies to issue Parking Charge Notices to vehicle, as long as they have displayed a sign advising that they do operate enforcement.
The onus is on the driver of a vehicle to check the restrictions of where they are parked and adhere to those restrictions.